It is a claim that the European Union has been making for a long time , but at last it has materialized in a draft. 40 countries led by the European Union and Japan have agreed that new cars and light commercial vehicles have the automatic emergency braking system (Automatic Emergency Barking or AEB ) incorporated as standard since the beginning of 2020 in Japan.
The United States, China and India are left out of this new regulation, which will apply at low speeds: 60 km / h or less . It will only affect new vehicles sold in the signatory countries, so it does not imply that users have to adapt their cars.
The new regulation will be effective next year, first in Japan. It is expected that the European Union, and some of its closest neighbors, will follow suit in 2022 .
The truth is that in Europe, the AEB is a requirement to pass the Euro NCAP test. The most recent example is found in the Fiat Panda (cover image), which in December became the second car in history to which Euro NCAP grants zero stars. The reason? It did not incorporate AEB, lane maintenance assistant or assistance systems for driving assistance.
Although the United States, China and India are members of the UN Economic Commission for Europe, the agency that has established the new standards did not participate in the negotiations to maintain its independence.
The Washington Post ensures these countries want to make sure that their national regulations stay above the UN standards when it comes to the automotive industry.
In 2016, 20 car manufacturers reached an agreement with the US government to apply the AEB on all new vehicles by September 2022, but compliance is voluntary.
According to UN data, in 2016 there were more than 9,500 road deaths and the European Commission estimates that autonomous braking systems could help save more than 1,000 lives a year in the block. The regulation will affect some 20 million new vehicles in the European Union, Japan and other countries each year.
Emergency braking systems are vital to counteract the sometimes ineffective human braking.
The AEB detects an imminent frontal collision with another vehicle or with a human being, and helps the driver avoid or mitigate the impact. The system first tells the driver to correct his reaction to avoid the collision and, if the response is not sufficient or fast enough, automatically applies the brakes to avoid the collision.
The purpose of the system is to detect situations of emergency braking, and it is ensured that in them the braking force, and with it the deceleration of the vehicle, is maximum. And is that the increase in braking distance reduces the chances of avoiding the accident and aggravates the consequences if it occurs, since the impact takes place at a higher speed.