The tires are a key component of a vehicle must always be checked to improve the performance and fuel consumption, for example, and especially, the safety of passengers. Apart from that, the pressure below the recommended reduces the durability of the tire, at least about 8,000 kilometers.
According to the data, half of the cars that circulate do so with pressure above or below the correct limits. To keep the tires always in perfect condition, great attention is needed. Take a look at some tips to calibrate the tires of your vehicle.
The first advice is to use the pressure recommended by the manufacturer, since improperly inflated tires can carry a number of consequences for the durability of the product, as well as for other components of the vehicle. Among the problems is the premature wear of the steering terminals, loss of stability in the corners, the increase of fuel consumption, the greater wear of the tires, a heavier steering, and the loss of handling capacity, more accentuated in the center of the tread of the deck, among others.
So always remember to calibrate the tires of your car, looking at the manufacturer’s specifications. This information can be found in the owner’s manual of the vehicle and on the labels distributed throughout the body of the vehicle, such as the interior of the front part, in column “B” and the cap of the fuel tank.
Already with the inflated tires above the recommended pressure, there will be a greater discomfort for the driver and other passengers and cause an increase in the wear of the suspension of the vehicle . The contact area of the tires with the ground also decreases, which reduces grip, increasing the risk of accidents.
Also in the manual and vehicle labels, you can see two tire pressure options: one with two people and one with luggage, indicating the minimum load, and one with several people and several bags, indicating the load maximum. Therefore, as the illustrations indicate their own, the tires must be calibrated according to the weight that the car is carrying.
In addition to the weight, it is important to take into account the position of the tires, since the pressure varies with the front and rear axles. The pressure is always indicated by the manufacturer when the tire is cold (near room temperature). In this case, the air particles inside the tires are more stable. To calibrate under these conditions, the oscillations are small, so the calibration is effective.
To make sure that the tires are cold at the time of calibration, make sure you run no more than three kilometers from your home to the service station, for example. However, if this is not possible and the tires are now “hot” in place, fill them with 2 to 4 psi more than recommended by the manufacturer. It is important to check the pressure every time you are on the road or take a long trip.
Using nitrogen instead of compressed air to calibrate your car tires can be a great alternative. Nitrogen gas can maintain the correct tire pressure for longer and any change in pressure will be very small, if it occurs. As a result, the tire can suffer less wear, since the pressure will remain within the limits set by the manufacturer for much longer.
Many people tend to consider only the four tires of employment of the car and end up leaving aside the spare. If you are one of those people, get into the habit of always calibrating the spare tire, so that it is in perfect condition when you go through a problematic situation, especially on a highway or during a trip.
Therefore, at the stop next to the device for calibration, you must also remember to calibrate the spare wheel. In this case, it is recommended that you calibrate with one or two pounds more than indicated by the manufacturer, since it is stored in the trunk and can quickly deflate because it is not used.