The G20 ministerial meeting on Energy and Environmental Transitions held in Tokyo has been the chosen scenario for three powers to associate in favor of hydrogen . Thus, Japan, the European Union and the United States have signed a joint declaration to promote fuel cell technology in all possible sectors.
The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry of Japan, the Directorate General for Energy of the European Commission and the Department of Energy of the United States have put on the table their intention to develop a memorandum of cooperation that would cover the study and evaluation of the potential of hydrogen in all sectors to reduce the emissions that cause the greenhouse effect.
The agreement also contemplates cooperation in the application of technologies and the harmonization of regulations, codes and standards, as well as the exchange of information, research and joint development to guarantee the security and the supply chain of this technology.
From transport to industry, this agreement principle aims to strengthen cooperation so that hydrogen ceases to be a fuel of the future with a clear lack of infrastructure : around the world there are around 369 hydrogen stations.
According to a recent report by the International Energy Agency, the cost of producing hydrogen from renewable energy could be reduced by 30% by 2030 and fuel could reduce emissions in industries such as transportation, chemicals and steel.
However, he still faces many challenges. According to the agency, most of the hydrogen now comes from fossil fuels and its production is responsible for the annual carbon emissions equivalent to those of the United Kingdom and Indonesia combined.
Although it is already being used on an industrial scale, it is almost entirely supplied with natural gas and coal. Its production, mainly for the chemical and refining industries, is responsible for 830 million tons of CO₂ emissions per year.
In addition, it remains expensive and its adoption is also hampered by the slow development of infrastructure, together with some regulatory obstacles.
Although there are currently only about 11,200 hydrogen-powered cars around the world, some companies have strongly opted for this technology. The best examples are found in the Toyota Mirai and its hydrogen truck, the Nikola Tre , the Honda FCX Clarity , the Hyundai Nexo or the Mercedes-Benz GLC hydrogen , which landed at the end of 2018 in Germany.
In fact, Toyota is so immersed in this technology that it predicts that the price of fuel-driven cars will be the same as that of hybrids in 10 years . To put this statement in context, currently the Mirai is sold in the US and Japan, and in Germany for a price that starts at 66,000 euros without taxes.
Two years ago, the first Hydrogen Council was created , an organization made up of 13 large companies, including Toyota, BMW, Honda, Daimler, Hyundai and Kawasaki.
Its objective is to offer recommendations to a series of interlocutors, such as politicians, businessmen and hydrogen agents, international agencies and civil society to intensify investment in the development and commercialization of the hydrogen and fuel cell sectors.